Bird Food

Fruit Feeder
Orange Halves on
Fruit Feeder

Bird food varies in its offering, as each species of birds has different nutritional needs. Birds eat a variety of foods, including Black Sunflower Oil Seeds, Fruit, Suet Cakes, Peanuts, and Mealworms. The most commonly accepted bird food is black oil sunflower seed. Black oil sunflower seeds are thin and easy to crack open, with high fat content for winter birds. This choice in seed will likely attract the largest population of birds, but is also attractive to squirrels.

Nyjer seed is not palatable to squirrels, and therefore serves as a great seed choice for bird feeders. Nyjer seed is also high in calories and oil content, making it a healthy bird food choice. Nicknamed by some as "Black Gold", Nyjer carries a higher price due to higher costs associated with the importing and sterilization process, and work with only specially design Nyjer feeders.

Fruit is one of the main sources of nutrition for many birds such as bluebirds in the fall and winter. Bluebirds delight in fruit and will help themselves to large portions. Fruit options for birds include berries, orange halves, apples, melons, grapes, and raisins that have soaked in water.

Suet Cake Feeder
Suet Cake Feeder

Suet cakes are solid cakes used with suet feeders, but should be saved for winter months. Suet cakes can go rancid quickly during warmer seasons so will not make a safe source for bird food. Suet cakes can include a variety of foods from peanut butter and bird seed to lard and raisins.

Peanuts are highly desirable by many birds, as well as their predators, and work great when using platform feeders or hopper feeders. Peanuts should be eaten quickly, or the feeders should be cleaned and refilled often. Peanuts can be left in their shell, but shelled peanuts should not be used in tube feeders.

Mealworms are larvae of beetles and birds love them! Mealworms can be bought in packages or raised, but birds devour them so quickly that the amount that is provided should be limited, or the cost of mealworms will increase drastically.